The Amazighs celebrate the entry of the year 2970, and the date of celebration of this holiday differs between the Amazighs on the twelfth and thirteenth of January, as the Amazigh year is linked to the agricultural calendar and the seasons of the year and it is difficult to determine an accurate date for its entry.
So it is also known as the “agricultural year” and historians say that the celebration of the Amazigh year is also “a memorial of the victory of the Amazighs led by King Shishnak over the Pharaohs led by Ramses III in the battle that took place on the banks of the Nile in the year 950 BC.
It is the battle after which the Amazigh king Shisheng ruled the twenty-second dynasty of the Pharaohs. But it is a different account.
Celebrations of the Amazigh New Year are witnessed by various cultural activities, most of which are related to agriculture and agricultural seasons.
The celebrations also include various lectures and academic activities aimed at introducing the Amazigh civilization and its history and also discuss issues related to the Amazighs, their concerns, their culture and their place in their societies.
In Algeria, the celebrations of “January 2970” began in some provinces, such as the province of “Tipaza”, where the Minister of Culture Malika Bin Douda officially opened this year’s celebration yesterday.
On January 12 of each year, the Algerian authorities adopted an official holiday to celebrate the Amazigh year since 2016. In January, the Amazighs in Morocco celebrate the Amazigh New Year on January 13 of each year.
But this year’s celebration has a special taste, as Moroccan Amazighs are waiting for their efforts to push the authorities towards the adoption of this day as an official holiday similar to the celebration of the calendar year.
One of the most famous habits of celebrating the Amazigh New Year is the slaughtering of sacrifices and the distribution of food to the weak in the situation. These habits are called in some Algerian regions “Luzia”. Some Algerians also prepare a large dish according to desserts, nuts, and dried fruits, then the dish is poured on the head of the family’s children so that their next life will be a good and happy life according to Their belief, then distributes the rest between children and adults.
In January, Algerians also make “gharif”, which are local pies called “al-Baghrir” in some regions.
Some revelers grow olive trees on the first day of the New Year.
The celebration of the Amazigh New Year in North African countries is well-known for its special dishes prepared specifically for this occasion, perhaps the most prominent of which is couscous, which is shared by most celebrities of the holiday in various ways of preparing it.
The celebrities in Morocco prepare the “Takla” dish, which is a mixture of flour, water, salt, butter and honey, and in Arabic it is called “porridge”. It is also prepared by Tunisians from the Berbers and others.
Tunisians prepare couscous to celebrate the Amazigh New Year.
And some families in the cities cook the “Molokhia” “so that the coming year will be a good year” or “green” year, as they say in reference to the abundant crop and prosperity.
There is no exact number of Berbers in the different countries of North Africa, as do the dialects used by different groups and societies of Berbers in each region.
January is also called by different names, including “January’s metabolism”, meaning January night, and “Oxas metabolism”, meaning night of the year.