Each country has its inherited customs in the month of Ramadan, which expresses its respect for the holy month, through various aspects of food, clothing, and social relations.
Morocco, the Arab country that is distinguished by customs and cultures linked to its history and heritage, is also distinguished by Ramadan rituals, some of which are practiced only by the people of this country.
Old habits seem to be on the way to extinction in various countries, and in Morocco there are habits that have begun to disappear gradually, including the Ramadan “Al-Nafar” character.
“Al-Nafar” was announcing the coming of the holy month, and he is a person who carries a long flute in which he blows seven puffs, either in the minaret of the mosque, or wandering through the old alleyways, announcing the coming of “our master Ramadan”, according to what Moroccans call the holy month.
“Al-Nafar” is also what awakens people at the time of sahur, and some ancient regions still adopt this ancient heritage that Morocco is famous for.
Usually, Moroccans exchanged congratulations on the advent of Ramadan with the phrase “blessed beings”, and the term is said in colloquial Moroccan and means (blessed days), with the entry into the month of fasting with its three tenths: ten mercy, ten forgiveness, and ten freed from the fire.
In the rhythm of the voices of the cannons and the voices of women, Moroccans receive the month of obedience, and as usual; women in Morocco are preparing the most delicious sweets during the reception of the master of months, and the streets of Moroccan cities almost never sleep, as the evening parties and Ramadan celebrations begin after the Tarawih prayer and continue until dawn.
The Moroccan housewife is very interested in decorating the house and preparing it to receive guests from parents and neighbors, where the corners of the house are decorated with natural flowers and green herbs, and the father or the head of the family buys a large group of swimming pools and guides them to young children.
Girls under the age of puberty wear a dress called “Tkchita”, a traditional Moroccan women’s robe, and their hands are covered with henna patterns, and their small bags are filled with dates, nuts and nuts.
One of the habits that Moroccans are famous for during Ramadan is the celebration of the first fast for children on one of the days of Ramadan, especially the twenty-seventh of it. Celebrating this day is a manifestation of Moroccan traditional customs, and some families, especially those living in northern Morocco, obligate the child to eat a date pill On the wooden ladder.
The choice of peace by the Moroccans is evidence of progress and transcendence. The fasting child, when eating his first feeds during the first days of his fasting, raises himself to high spiritual levels that bring him closer to the Creator, and he moves himself from its earthly dimension to the heavenly dimension.
Iftar traditions have a special character in Morocco; they break the fast after the Maghrib prayer call to a group of desserts, the most important of which are “strange” and “chebakia”, then they proceed to perform the Maghrib and Tarawih prayers that extend until late at night.
Real breakfast begins after midnight, when they eat fish, meat and other fatty foods, such as Moroccan couscous and pasta.
And continue eating and drinking green tea with mint until the time of magic, and before a cannon hits the constipation a little stop eating.
There are special dishes for the holy month, which are “slaw”, “Shabakia”, “briyat”, “fakas” and “heel gazelle”, while the preferred drink is mint tea, green tea added to cloves, in addition to some cold drinks that he prepares Natural herbs useful for the digestive system during the day.
There is a tradition that has become prevalent in Morocco since the end of the eighties of the last century, where the late King Hassan II held “Husseinian Ramadan lessons” during the days of fasting, attended by scholars and scholars from all over the Arab and Islamic world, a selection of them is chosen to deliver lessons before the king in the palace in Rabat, It is attended by senior statesmen, government ministers, and army and security officials.
King Mohammed VI has preserved the same tradition and naming, and these lessons are transmitted by Moroccan television, and the Great Chair is attached to a scholar of the Islamic world, and he lectures directly with King Mohammed VI.
With the end of the holy month approaching, Moroccans repeat the word “golden beloved”, referring to the departure of the holy month.