Did you know that the oldest university library in the world was made by a woman? What is the scientific and historical importance of the University of Al-Karaouine in the city of Fez? Read on to find out more.
Certainly I have heard a lot about the Moroccan city of Fez, which is described as the jewel of history and civilization in Morocco, and that attracts thousands of tourists annually from all parts of the world, where visitors express to the city of Fez its permanent charm that captures the hearts of travelers to it, but what many people probably do not know about this city It is home to the oldest university and library in the world according to the Guinness Book of Records, the ancient university of villagers, which every student has sought knowledge and a lover of knowledge from centuries to the present day.
Come with us on a journey fraught with the delights and surprises inherent in the quiver of the University of Al-Karaouine, and learn about the origin of the building and the splendor of history that earned it this importance, and finally you can visit the villagers’ library this summer after a wide and comprehensive restoration and renovation.
A brief history of Al-Karaouine University
The oldest university founded by a woman!
Thanks to the construction of the University of Al-Qarawiyyin, a virtuous woman named Fatima Bint Mohamed Al-Fihri, who came with her family from the Tunisian city of Kairouan to settle in the city of Fez, has described this lady as a glowing flame of intelligence, acumen and love of knowledge, while she vowed her money and what she inherited from her wealthy merchant father To build a religious and scientific architectural edifice that the East and West speak about, so the construction of the al-Qarawiyyin Mosque was in 859 AD, which included a school, university, and library.
What is the historical and scientific importance of the University of Al-Karaouine?
School for the most famous names and VIPs
The University of Al-Qarawiyyin has gained wide fame after its “student superiority over the professor”, as it contributed to the education and graduation of three of the brightest names and personalities in the history of Arab and international civilization, and this university also became a link between the Arab world and Europe, and was intended by many students of knowledge from various European countries in the past.
Among the most famous personalities who received the honor of receiving knowledge at the University of Al-Qarawiyyin: Ibn Khaldoun, Ibn Rushd, Ibn Al-Arabi, Musa bin Maymun and many other writers, philosophers and thinkers.
The cultural and scientific importance of this university is due to the fact that it contains in its ancient library thousands of precious original manuscripts, such as an original copy of the Holy Quran in the ninth century, as well as the book “Al-Muwatta” by Imam Malik, the original copy of the book “The Lessons” by Ibn Khaldun, and other treasures of knowledge and precious knowledge.
The oldest library in the world with a new look
Restoration process for more than 3 years
The good news is that, starting in May 2016, visitors and the public can visit the oldest library in the world at the University of Al-Karaouine, and the library guests will notice the major and major changes that have occurred in the library, which date back to more than 3 years of fatigue, effort and dedication made by the Canadian architect- Moroccan Aziza Chaouni.
Perhaps not much has been heard about the initiatives and projects launched by Aziza Shawnee to save and revive her hometown, the vibrant city of Fez, where she initiated the “Save the Fez River” project, which is threatened by pollution and drought, and Aziza Shawnee is proud of its latest and most recent project, restoring the oldest library in the world at the University of Al-Karaouine.
The restoration operations included providing the old library with the latest technologies and modern means, such as air conditioning, alarm and safety to preserve the precious manuscripts, as well as renewing drainage and drainage systems, providing the building with solar energy, as well as restoring the fountains in the external patio, building wooden arches in the patio to provide shade for visitors, organizing Dividing the library into galleries and conferences, taking care of the café, and providing it with a new look.
Fans of reading and knowledge treasures can visit the oldest library in the world in the city of Fez, in a relaxed and enjoyable atmosphere.