The Amazigh or Berbers, are an ethnic group whose origin is from North Africa, settling mainly in Algeria, northern Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, northern Niger, Tunisia, Libya and the western region of Egypt, in addition to large immigrant communities living in France, Spain, Canada, Belgium The Netherlands, Germany, and other European countries, and most of the Berbers are Sunni Muslims. It is believed that most of the North Africans are of Amazigh origin. More than 30 million North Africans speak the Berber language, but their number is “Berber speaking and non-native speakers” more than that. As for their origins, most researchers claim that the Berbers or Amazighs are of the first Sami origin, that is, from the sons of Sam bin Noah, and the history of the Amazighs in Morocco will be mentioned.
History of the Amazigh in Morocco
Amazigh people are distributed in various parts of the world, but their presence is concentrated more in the northern side of the African continent, such as Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia, and the speakers of the Amazigh language have large and huge congregations and are distributed over three large geographical areas, and a group of major Moroccan cities, and a number of small desert oases, and the first These regions are the eastern and central countryside in northern Morocco. Despite the westernization of the western countryside, the eastern and middle countryside retained its Amazigh language known as Rural.
The eastern and central rural-speaking countryside extends over an area of about 40,000 square kilometers and is inhabited by about 4 and a half million rural Berber speakers, and this region is characterized by its geographical diversity, its views of the Mediterranean and the relatively low temperatures compared to the rest of Morocco.
The second region is the Middle Atlas region, the eastern High Atlas and the Eastern Sahara, which is a wide region that is geographically and climatically diverse, does not overlook the sea, with an area of at least 70,000 square kilometers, and is characterized by relative harsh climate ranging from severe cold in the high Atlas Mountains to the dryness of the Eastern Desert The number of Zayani Berber speakers in it is about 6 million people.
The third region is the Souss Plain, the western High Atlas, the Small Atlas, and the outskirts of the southern desert, which are large and varied areas dominated by a warm climate near the sea and hot in the interior and cold in the Atlas Mountains, and the total area of these areas is at least 100,000 square kilometers, and they are spread in these areas The Berber language of the South, known as the Shalha or the Sousa, and the number of the Amazigh-speaking population there is about 10.5 million people, and the Berber language is also spread in all Moroccan cities, but in varying proportions, and it also spreads in many oases in the eastern and southern Moroccan deserts.
As for the remaining Moroccan regions, they are either prevalent in Moroccan Arabic, or the Amazigh language is spread in low rates, bearing in mind that the cultural invasion left by the occupation of France in the countries of the Maghreb negatively affected the culture of the peoples, even entering their languages, as a large number of North African residents use The French language is used more than the Arabic or Berber language