On March 2 of 1956, the French protection against Morocco officially ended, and during the reign of Muhammad V, Moroccans were celebrating the independence of Morocco on this date, but with the ascension of King Hassan II to the throne, the date of Moroccans’ celebration of independence will change to 18 November, the date that is still in force until now.
March 2, 1956 is a forgotten day in Morocco, although it was a remarkable day in Moroccan history. On this day, Prime Minister Mbark Habel El-Bekay, a loyal friend of the monarch and a French army officer, signed the final independence treaty, which will repeal the protection treaty signed in Fez on March 30, 1912. .
The Moroccan-French agreement signed on March 2, according to what was mentioned in the seventh volume of the Encyclopedia of Moroccan Heritage, calls for consultation and coordination between the two countries. As for the legal status of the treaties that were signed by France in the name of Morocco based on Article 8 of the Protection Treaty, the The March 2 agreement stipulated in Article 11 that:
“Morocco considers itself bound by international treaties signed by France in the name of Morocco, just as it considers itself bound by international treaties on Morocco, for which no comment has been made.”
The agreement stipulated the abolition of the Fez Treaty (Protection Treaty), the declaration of full independence for Morocco, and France’s commitment to Moroccan territorial integrity.
During the reign of Sultan Mehmed V, Moroccans celebrated the date of independence on March 2 of each year, but with King Hassan II taking the throne on March 3 of 1961, this date changed to 18 November, the date that is still in force today, when the reference is made It is used in academic courses, and is celebrated by the media and most political parties.
March 2 and the Arab Spring
18 November, chosen by the late King Hassan II to celebrate Independence Day, is the date during which Moroccans in the era of Sultan Mehmed V celebrated the throne. (Mohamed V installed royal power over Morocco on November 18, 1927).
Also, this date coincides with a speech delivered by Mohamed V after his return from exile in 1955, in front of a crowd of Moroccans, announcing his intention to work for the independence of all regions that are still under French, Spanish and international control, as he announced in the same speech about the establishment of a responsible government that represents various Political trends in the country.
For decades, the date of March 2 has been forgotten, and with the outbreaks of the Arab Spring in many Arab countries, and the winds of this wave reaching Morocco through the February 20 movement, talk about this history that has been forgotten for decades has returned, and suggested some young people with left-wing directions through networks Social media Marching March 2, 2011 in order to demand democracy and social justice, in an attempt to remove dust from this date, but their attempt was unsuccessful.